Dr. Arghya Majumdar

Renal Transplant Physician in Kolkata, India

MD, DNB, MRCP (UK), Higher Specialty Training (Nephrology), UK,
Consultant Nephrologist & Transplant Physician


Paediatric Nephrology

What is Paediatric Nephrology?

A child nephrologist or a paediatric nephrologist is a specialist who is called in to treat children who suffer from diseases of the renal system such as urinary tract diseases, bladder problems, kidney stones, and high blood pressure.

What is the difference between nephrologist and pediatric nephrologist?

Pediatric nephrologists treat children from infant to late adolescence and in cases even up to young adulthood. Thus it can be concluded that a nephrologist is a physician trained in internal medicine or pediatrics and then trained to understand and care for a patient who has kidney-related disorders.

What is the role of a pediatric nephrologist?

Pediatric nephrologists diagnose, treat, and manage many disorders affecting the kidney and urinary tract, including kidney failure, high blood pressure, inherited kidney diseases, kidney stones, urinary tract infections, and abnormalities in the urine such as blood and protein.

What is the common kidney disease in pediatric?

Nephrotic syndrome can develop when tiny filters in the kidney, called glomeruli, become damaged and allow protein to leak from the blood into the urine. Among children older than age 12, diseases that affect the glomeruli are the most common cause of CKD, accounting for approximately 45% of cases.

What causes renal failure in pediatrics?

An obstruction or blockage along the urinary tract. Hemolytic uremic syndrome. Usually caused by an E. coli infection, kidney failure develops as a result of obstruction to the small functional structures and vessels inside the kidney.

Why are kidneys important for kids?

The kidneys filter the blood and take out all the waste in the blood. The kidneys send the waste on to the bladder in the form of urine. Kidneys are part of team! Our bodies have important parts that work together just like a team.

What are 5 causes of acute renal failure?

1. An infection.
2. Liver failure.
3. Medications (aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or COX-2 inhibitors like Celebrex)
4. Blood pressure medications.
5. Heart failure.
6. Serious burns or dehydration.
7. Blood or fluid loss.

How is CKD diagnosed in children?

Creatinine or cystatin are used to estimate the level of kidney function. Chemicals in the blood, such as potassium and sodium, as well as red blood cell counts, may be abnormal when a child has CKD. There are also special blood tests that may help diagnose specific kidney diseases such as lupus nephritis.

Can a child have dialysis?

Dialysis is a treatment option for children who are experiencing kidney failure. When a child's kidneys are not functioning well enough to filter blood and remove waste from the body, dialysis can help with those processes. There are two types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.